Mahoma y el islam
His most important life episodes have become Muslim holidays. For example, many Muslims celebrate his birthday. The flight from Mecca to the city of Medina is known as the Hegira and marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.
Muslims do not allow drawings or attempts to recreate the appearance of Muhammad or Allah. They consider depictions to be disrespectful because they can never do them justice. That is why believers do not share portraits of their prophet.
Muhammad was illiterate. He was a shepherd and merchant during his youth, a profession that allowed him to learn in depth the traditions of Christianity and Judaism, the two monotheistic religions – which worship a single god – that coexisted at that time and that influenced the emergence and expansion of Islam.
The Hegira marks the beginning of the Muslim calendarMahomet decided to preach the new faith, encouraged by his family. He gradually gained followers among the more popular classes, but earned the enmity of some local tribes. His monotheistic discourse was a threat to their interests.
Have images of Muhammad always been banned?18 January 2015Image source, GettyThe French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo published an edition commemorating the victims of extremist violence in Paris last week using an image of the prophet Muhammad on the cover. Most Muslims consider pictorial representations of the founder of Islam to be forbidden. But has that always been the case?(This article contains a historical image of the Prophet Muhammad)If for a moment I could set aside the issue of whether satirical cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad are insulting, there is a separate and complicated debate about whether any pictorial depiction, even respectful ones, is forbidden by Islam.For most Muslims it is something that is absolutely forbidden; Muhammad, or any other prophet of Islam, should not be depicted in any way. Images, as well as statues, are considered to encourage idolatry.
zaynab bint jahsh
The full name it has borne since Muslim times is Makka al-Mukarrama, meaning “Makkah, with honor”. Ptolemy, in the second century, referred to it by the name Makoraba, a Hellenization of the Arabic Makkah Harb, or “Mecca of Harb” (the name of a tribe).
The ancient or early name for the settlement of Mecca is Baca or Bakkah (also transliterated as Baka, Bakah, Bakka, Becca, Bekka, etc.). The etymology of this Arabic word, as with the origin of the word Mecca, is unknown.  It is widely believed to be a synonym for Mecca, although it is said to be more specifically the early name of the valley located there, while Arabic scholars generally use it to refer to the sacred area of the city in the vicinity of the Kaaba. The form Baca is used in place of Baca, which is the name of the city of Mecca.
The form Baca is used instead of Mecca in the Quran in 3:96, while the form Makkah is used in 48:24. In the Surarabic language, the language spoken in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula at the time of Muhammad, the “b” and “m” could be interchanged.  Other references to Mecca in the Qur’an (6:92, 42:5) call it Umm al-Qura, which means “mother of all settlements.” Another name for Mecca is Tihama.
safiyya bint huyayy
The monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad is known as Islam, Islamism or the Muslim religion. According to tradition, the essential precepts of the religion were transmitted to him through the mediation of an angel, Gabriel, who made successive revelations to him. These revelations were collected in the Koran, the holy book of the Muslims. Muhammad’s doctrines, first propagated among the nomads of Arabia in the 7th century, are today one of the most important religions in the world and the basis of Muslim civilization. Islam, in addition to being a religion, is also a law that regulates the life of the Muslim, both in terms of individual religious behavior and on the social and political level.
Among the Abbasid caliphs, Harun al-Rashid (786-809) and al-Mamun (813-833) deserve special mention. With al-Rashid the caliphate lived one of its moments of greatest splendor; this personage was known in the West for the relations that he maintained with the empress Irene of Byzantium and with Charlemagne. However, it was he who began the dismemberment of the caliphate by granting Ibrahim ibn Aglab, governor of Ifriqiya, an autonomy very close to independence.